Education and the State: A Study in Political Economy, by E. G. West (2d ed., London: Institute of Economic Affairs, 1970). Shows how state education was superimposed on and has suppressed an emerging structure of voluntary education. Includes excellent historical and economic analysis of state education.

Education by Choice: The Case for Family Control, by John E. Coons and Stephen D. Sugarman (Berkeley: University of California, 1978). A detailed case for introducing competition and choice into the provision of education.

Compelling Belief: The Culture of American Schooling, by Stephen Arons (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983). Shows how values and culture are transmitted through education and why we should insist on "separation of school and state."

The Twelve Year Sentence, ed. by William F. Rickenbacker (La Salle, Ill.: Open Court, 1974). A collection of essays on compulsory state schooling by lawyers, educators, historians, and economists.

The American School, 1642-1985, by Joel Spring (New York: Longman, 1986). Shows how state schooling has been used to the political advantages of certain groups; reveals state schooling as a powerful tool of social control.

Beyond Public Education, by Myron Lieberman (New York: Praeger, 1986). Offers a devastating critique of state schooling and a free market alternative.

The Myth of the Common School, by Charles Leslie Glenn, Jr. (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988). Glenn traces the origins of the state "common school" system in the United States during the early nineteenth century and shows how it undermined a vibrant and diverse voluntary educational system.

Liberating Schools: Education in the Inner City, by David D. Boaz (Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute, 1991). A clear statement of the failure of coercive state schooling and of a variety of free-market alternatives.

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