War and Peace

A Search for Enemies: America's Alliances after the Cold War, by Ted Galen Carpenter (Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute, 1992). Carpenter shows how budgets and alliances, and not mission, drive American foreign policy; as the reason behind American military alliances (the communist threat) collapses, new enemies must be found to justify maintaining an enormous military force. Carpenter presents an alternative strategy of strategic independence.

The Society of Tomorrow, by Gustave de Molinari (1904; reprint: New York: Garland, 1972). A visionary program for a society of peace, liberty, and prosperity. Molinari, editor of the influential Journal des conomistes, shows the relationship between liberty, free trade, and peace.

As We Go Marching, by John T. Flynn (1944; New York: Free Life Editions, 1973). A warning against a "good" American fascism brought about by permanent national crises, bureaucratic management of the economy, and accumulation of state power. Shows how important the creation of foreign enemies is to the maintenance of domestic power.

Mammon and the Pursuit of Empire: The Economics of British Imperialism, 1860- 1912, by Lance E. Davis and Robert A. Huttenback (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988). A careful examination of the claim that imperialism was profitable for the English people; implicitly refutes Marxian claims that "capitalism" leads to imperialism and proves the truth of the arguments of classical liberals such as Richard Cobden and John Bright that imperialism was against the interests of the taxpaying and productive sectors of British society.

"Why Was British Growth So Slow Before the 1820's?", by Jeffrey G. Williamson, in his Did British Capitalism Breed Inequality? (Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1985). Williamson demonstrates that war and economic growth are incompatible, and that the Industrial Revolution was interrupted and temporarily reversed by the Napoleonic Wars.

On War and Morality, by Robert Holmes (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989). Holmes looks at the moral issues involved in conventional and nuclear wars. He looks at "just war" theories and their criticisms, including classical liberal perspectives.

Advance to Barbarism, by F. J. P. Veale (Appleton, Wis.: C. C. Nelson Publishing Co., 1953). This is a chilling account of the growth of total war among nation states, in which states wage war on the subject populations of other states. Contrasts "modern" practices with the tradition of international law developed by Vattel, Grotius, Blackstone, and others.

The Problem of War in Nineteenth Century Economic Thought, by Edmund Silberner (1946; reprint, New York: Garland, 1972). This is a detailed study that includes extensive discussion of English and French liberal doctrines.

"War Making and State Making as Organized Crime," by Charles Tilley, in Evans, Roueschemeyer, and Skocpol, eds., Bringing the State Back In (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990). The author shows the striking parallels between state making and organized crime. The growth of state power is inseparable from war.

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